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West Bengal Coastal Rivers

West Bengal Coastal Rivers

 

Here, is the complete list of West Bengal Coastal Rivers

 

Subarnarekha River

 

Name of River

Subarnarekha River

Location

India (West Bengal, Jharkhand,  Orissa)

Origin

Nagri Basin near Ranchi, Piska and Chota Nagpur Plateau

Length

470 km

Depth

Moderate

 

Subarnarekha River is also popular by the name of Swarnarekha River and it would be flowing in various states such as Orissa, West Bengal and Jharkhand.

 

Course

 

It has got its origination through Nagri/ Piska and it is situated near to Ranchi that is the Jharkhand capital. This Subarnarekha would be traversing the long distances and that is mainly through the Ranchi Seraikela along with the Eastern singhbhum state districts. Then, it would be covering the short distances and that is mainly through the district of Pashim Medinipur. It is present in the west Bengal and it would be flowing for the 79 kms and then it would be joining Bay of Bengal and that is present near to the Talsari.

 

This river is having the length of 470 kms. The Subarnarekha basin is very small and it is present in multi state basins. It is covering the drainage area of approximately 1.92 million hectare.

 

Tributaries:

 

Some of the tributaries include- Kharkai, Damra, Dulunga, Chinguru, Singaduba, Garra, Kanchi, Karakari, Raru, Gurma, Kodia, Karru and Khaijori. It would be meeting with this river at Sonari and that is the Jmashedpur neighborhood.

 

Hundru Falls:

 

Hundru falls is one of the Subarnarekha course and it falls through a height of 97 meters. You would be getting the opportunity of watching this spectacular scene and this is mainly due to various rock formations off rocks and this mainly happens due to erosion. One of the most important points regarding this falls is- It is knick point waterfall of India.

 

Pollution:

 

This River would be passing through various areas and these are mainly uranium and copper ores. Mining activities had not been planned and this is one of the main reasons that rivers are getting polluted. This place is known to have the tribal communities’ lifeline and it would be inhabiting region of Chhotanagpur and it also hazardously affects livelihood and life style of people.

 

Floods:

 

There are numerous areas in its lower region and that mainly includes the-west Bengal and Orissa coastal areas and that come under the hazard flood zone. This is known for having record of highest level of flood and that was approximately 12 meters and it has also crossed the records of 1997. It was in year 2009, which this river had received floods in excessive amounts and due to which many areas of Baliapur, Bhograi and Jaleswar were affected to a larger extent.

 

Kharkai River

Name of River

Kharkai River

Location

India (Jharkhand, Orissa)

Origin

Simlipal Massif in India

Length

395 km

 

This Kharkai River is present in the eastern India and it is considered to be one of the prominent tributaries and it would be arising in the Mayurbhanj district. This is present on the Darbarmela Parbat northern slops and Tungru Pahar western slopes. It would be flowing from Rairangpur and then it would be heading in the northern direction and then in the east that is towards Jamshedpur. It is having its tributaries towards Orissa and on its left- Nusa, Barhai and Kandria and on its right-Karanjia.

 

There is a junction and that is present approximately 9 kms along with Karanjia and then it would be forming a boundary and that is between Jharkhand and Orissa. When it would be entering into Jharkhand and then its tributaries would comprise of Ili Gara and Torlo and its last tributary would be Sanjai and that is 17 kms. Lower Kharkai valley is very wide and its primary crop is rice and Iron ore is present in Kharkai Headwater Mountains and you can also locate the Jamshedpur steel plant and Kharkai Dam is constructed at Iccha, Orissa.

 

Kangsabati River

 

Name of River

Kangsabati River

Location

India (West Bengal)

Origin

Jhalda, Purulia district, Chota Nagpur Plateau, West Bengal

Length

365 kms

Depth

Shallow

 

Kangsabati River is also known by the name of Cossye and Kasai and it would be arising trhough plateau of Chota Nagpur and that is present in the Jharkhand state and it would be passing through the Purulia, Pashim Medinipur and Bankura districts and then they would be getting drained into Hooghly River.

 

Course

 

This would be arising near to the Jhlada and that is present at Purulia district and that would be passing through Ranibandh and Khatra and that are present at Bankura district and then they would be entering into the Pashim Medinipur and that is present in Binpur area. It gets joined through Bhairabbanki and then river would be getting split into 2 parts. Northern branch would be flowing through daspur area and then it would be joining Rupnarayan River and other branch would be flowing in south eastern direction and then it would be joining Kaliaghai River and that would be forming Hladi River and that would flow in Hooghly River that is present in Haldia.

 

Bhagirathi

 

Name of River

Bhagirathi River

Location

(Uttarakhand)India

Origin

Gaumukh approximateky 18 km (11.2 mi) through the Gangotri Glacier town

Length

205 km

Depth

Average

 

Bhagirathi is regarded as Himalayan turbulent river and it is present in the Uttarakhand state and that would be serving as the Ganges stream and it is considered to be the Northern India Gangetic plain and this is the Hinduism holy river.

 

Course

 

Its headwaters would be getting formed at the Gaumukh and that would be present on Gnagotri glacier foot along with the Khatling glaciers and that are present at Garhwal Himalaya and then it would be getting joined through the help of its tributaries and these are-

 

  • Gangotri Kedar Ganga (elevation (10,003 ft), 3,049 m

  • Bhaironghati Jadh Ganga (elevation (8,690 ft), 2,650 m

  • Harsil Kakora Gadand (elevation(9,006 ft) 2,745 m

  • Near Jhala -Siyan Gad (elevation (8,448 ft), 2,575 m

  • Uttarkashi- Asi Ganga (elevation (3,799 ft),1,158 m

  • Bhilangna River- Old Tehri (elevation(2,477 ft) 755 m

 

This river Bhilangana is known for rising on to the Glacier foot and it is having an elevation of 3717m and it is located in the Gaumukh south direction. This river would be flowing through its source and that is approximately 205 kms and then it would be meeting at Alaknanda river and that is present at the elevation of 470m and it lies Devprayag town.

 

Hindus worship this river and they have given the name of Ganga Ji and Tehri dam that is considered to be the controversial one is present at Bhagirathi and Bhilangna confluence.

 

Hughli

 

Name of River

Hughli River

Location

 (West Bengal) India

Origin

Ganga River Distributaries

Length

260 kilometres

Depth

116 m

 

This Hooghly River is also known by the name of Bhagirathi-Hooghly and it is present around 260kms and it is one of the longest distributaries of river Ganges and that is present in West Bengal. It would get split through Ganges and you can also check out the Hughli-Chinsura and that was formerly known by the name of Hooghly and it is also present on that river and its origins has not been discovered till now.

 

Course

 

Farakka Barrags is one of the dams and that would be diverting all water through Ganges inside canal and that would be getting dverted into Murshidabad District Tildanga town. They would be having very less water in dry seasons. It would be running in parallel direction to Ganges and above Jahangirpur, canal would be getting end and then river would be taking the course.

 

In the Jahangirpur sputh, Ganges would be leaving this area and then it would be flowing Baharampur, Jiaganj Azimganj and Murshidabad. Baharampur southern part and Palashi north would be forming the borders between Nadia district and Bardhaman districts and the river would be flowing either in west or east direction. River would also be flowing in Katwa, Kalna and Navadwip regions. From the Kalna, a border would be getting formed through Nadia district as well as Hooghly district and then you can easily check out the 24 district of Parganas.

 

It would be flowing along the Chunchura, Halisahar and Rishra and before they would be entering into this old channel and then they would be getting empty in Bay of Bengal. Two Prominent triutaries are as- Rupnarayan and Damodar.

 

Harvest Fields of Bengal:

 

The Hughli banks scenery would be varying and you can check out the mud formation and sandbanks and that would be covered through herbage. When river would be getting narrowed and then only rice fields would be getting cultivated and you would get to view some of the finest and pleasing picturesque.

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