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Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers

Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers

 

Here, is the complete list of Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers and other information

 

Thamirabarani River

 

Name of River

Thamirabarani River

Location

( Tamil Nadu) India

Origin

Agastyarkoodam peak lies in hills of Western Ghats

Length

 (78 mi) 125 km

Depth

25– 30 feet

 

This Thamirabarani River is also known by the name of Tamaraparani and then it would be originating through Agastyarkoodam peak and that is present in Western Ghats hills and that lies above the Ambasamudram taluk and it would be flowing through the Tuticorin and Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu districts. They were known by the name of Tamraparni River during the ancient times and they are also having close association through Sri Lanka and it is having the old name of Porunai and it is having its source through sea and its entire length ranges 125 km.

 

Origin

 

This river is originating through the Pothigai peak and that are present on Western Ghats and they are having the towering height of 1720 m and it is present above sea level. It would be joined through headwater tributaries and that includes Ullar, Pambar and Peyar and they would be flowing into reservoir of Kariyar Dam and where it would be meeting with Kariyar. This river would be forming the Vaanatheertham waterfall and then only it would be entering into reservoir. This river would be joining Thamirabarani and then only it would be entering into lower Papanasam reservoir and this was constructed through Hydroelectric Papanasam staion and it would be descending in the mountains and there it would be forming Kalyanatheera, falls along woth Agasthiar falls.

 

Course and Tributaries

 

This river would be flowing towards plains and eastwards and its first tributary that would be joining is Thamiraparani along with Manimuthar River and that would be originating through Manjolai hills and then it would be joining Thamiraparani and that is located near to the Aladiyoor village. Kallidaikurichi and Kallidaikurichi towns are present on the right and left Thamiraparani banks and then they would be meeting with Gadananathi tributary. Before, it would be taking the entry into Tamiraparani and it would be joined through River Varahanathi, Karunaiyar, Veeranathi and Kallar and then it would be joining river Gadananathu and it is present 1.5 kms in the north eastern direction. It is fed through Ramanadhi and Jambunadhi Rivers and they would be originating throuhh Kalakkadu reserve forest and they are present at an area of 1300 m and where they would be joined through Tamiraparani and that is located Tharuvai villge and that is present at Palayamkottai Taluk. This river would be bisecting into twin cities and that is Palayamkottai and Tirunelveli and then they would be meeting in its tributary Chithar and that would be arising throygh Kutralam hills and it would be receiving water through Hanumanathi, Gundar and Karuppanathi. It would be running in parallel direction towards Thamirabarani and then it would be joining Main River that is present near to the Sivalaperi. Thamiraparani would be passing from Tirunelveli as well as Palayamkottai of this district.

 

Palar River

 

Name of River

Palar River

Location

India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)

Origin

India in the Kolar districts of Karnataka state Nandi Hills,

Length

370 km

Depth

50- 60 m

 

Palar is one of the Southern Indian rivers and it would be rising through Nandi hills and it is located in Karnataka state district and it would be flowing through 93 kms in Karnataka and 33 kms at Andhra Pradesh and then only it would be getting confluenced into Bay of Bengal. It is located 100 kms through Chennai south and it would be flowing as the Guptagamini and then it would be emerging near to the Bethamangala town and from this point, it would be gathering the speed and now it would be flowing into Deccan Plateau. Some important cities include Ambur, Ramanaickenpet, Walajapet, Vaniyambadi, Arcot and Melvisharam

 

Vaigai River

 

Name of River

Vaigai River

Location

( Tamil Nadu) India

Origin

Periya Pothigai hills in the Tamilnadu Periyar Plateau in the western ghat 

Length

258 km

Depth

Shallow

 

This Vaigai River is situated in Madurai and it is present in the southern Indian state and it would be originating through Periyar Plateau in Western Ghats and then it would be flowingin north eastern direction through Kambam valley. This is located between Palni Hills and they are in north region and Varushanad hills are present in the south region. Vattaparai falls would be present on this river and it would be taking rounds in its eastern corner of Varushanad Hills and then it would be turning in the south east direction and that has the Pandya Nadu region. Madurai is the largest cities and it is located in Vaigai. This river would be getting emptied in Palk Strait and it is 250 kms long and it is having the drainage basin of 7000 sq kms.

 

Vellar

 

Name of River

Vellar River

Location

( Tamil Nadu) India

Origin

Shevaroy Hills

Length

150 kms

Depth

6.50 kms

 

Vellar is one of the rivers that would be originating through Shevaroy hills and it would be running through Salem, Cuddalore and Perambular districts and it is present in northern region of Tamil Nadu and then it would get drained into Bay of Bengal and it is present near to Parangipettai. It is having the length of 150 kms and an area of 7520 sq kms and its river basin are located in northern region and that is Tamil Nadu. Their basins are present in Cauvery, Ponnaiar and Paravanar regions and its terrain would be lying in Attur taluk and Kalrayan hills and its salem district would be drained through river velar. Upper vellar is known by the vasis till Nadhi and then it would be joining to form this vellar and it is present in Permabalur district. It comprises of six tributaries and these are basically- Anaimaduvu, Kallar, Swethanadhi, Go mukhi, Manimukthanadhi and Chinnar. Portions of Salem, Perambalur, Dharmapuri, Trichy and Cuddalore districts are located in the Vellar basin and Manimukthanadhi is regarded as it is major tributary and it would be originating through Kalrayan hills and they are present in the Villupuram district. It would be traversing in an area of 111 km and then it would be joining vellar near the Srimushnam and that is present in the Chidambararm taluk that lies in the Cuddalore district. Upper vellar would be draining all water through southern slopes in Kalrayan hills that is present in northern boundary of the Salem district. It would be originating through an altitude of 1250 m.

 

From its starting point, it would be known by the name of Anaimaduvu river and it would be flowing in the southward direction that is 23 kms and then in south east direction. Anaimaduvu Reservoir has been constructed across this Anaimaduvu River and you can find tributary that is known as the Thumbal river and it is formed through 2 drainages that is Ammapalayam river and Karyakoil river and it would be flowing in the southward direction that is Kottaipatti would be passing from Kalrayan hills and it would be joining on river left flank. Periyar is another stream and it would be originating through Jalluthu reserve and it lays 8kms in the Salem Taluk east. Periyar River would be approaching Salem and it would be bending in eastward direction and from south it would be receiving Singipuram River.

 

Vasistanandi would be flowing in south east direction for approximately 26kms and then it would be forming boundaries between Peramabular taluk and Attur. There is a confluence Singipuram poinys and along with the Kallar as well as Saval Odai tributaries and they would be joining on Main River and on its left flank- Koraiyar, Ellar Odai, Chittar and Manjani. It also has a drainage area and that would be in confluence with Swetanadhi and that is approximately 1770 sq kms. It is expanded in and is of up to 1056 hectares and it is being irrigated through 60 tanks along with70 anicuts and it also comprises of sub basins that is inclusive of Swedhanadhi, Perambalur Minor and Vasistanadhi.

 

This comprises of six tributaries and this is inclusive of-

 

1. Vasistanadhi

2. Swedhanadhi

3. Chinnar

4. Kallar

5. Manimukthanadhi

6. Gomuki.

 

It is having the length of 150 kms and this is one of the significant sub basins and it also comprises of various parts that includes- Uthangarai, Salem, Attur and Rasipuram and these are present in Salem district. Its initial stretch would be flowing up to confluence point and then it would be called by the name of initial stretch and there is a small tributary that would be originating through vellagoundan and it is known by the name of Periyar River.

 

It would be running for the distance of approximately 73 kms and then it would be falling into Bay of Bengal and its total length is more than that of 75 km and it is having the total area of 1770 sq km. Tumbal river and Periyar confluence would be joining at the Periyakrishnapuram village and this would be falling in the Attur Taluk and there it would be called through the name of Vasistanadhi Vasistanadhi and it would be joining the Swedha river and that lies at 4 kms and that lies in the chennai west and that is nearest to the highway 45.

 

Vasishta Nadi

 

Name of River

Vasishta Nadi

Location

India ( Tamil Nadu)

Origin

Tiruchirapalli Hills

 

This river has got its name through Hindu sage and it originates through Salem district and then it would be flowing in Pattuthurai, Attur, Cuddalore, Aragalur and Sitheri district.  Periyaru and Attur dams are located here and soil erosion is one of the biggest problems. This is mainly due to the extended illegal mining activities.

 

This place is having 12 temples and these are inclusive of- Ethapoor Sambavamoortheswarar, panchaboodhas, Belur Sri Thanthondreeswarar and Koogayur Swarnapurieswarar.

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