Mahanadi River


Name of River

Mahanadi River


India (Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa)


Near Sihawa Amarkantaka hills, , Chhatisgarh


858 km


130 feet


Mahanadi River lies in the Central East India and it would be draining in an area of approximately 141,599 km sq and it is present in the course of 850km. This river would be flowing in Orissa and Chhattisgarh. There are ample of seasonal rivers and therefore Mahanadi is also the perfect amalgamation of numerous mountain streams and therefore its source is very significant. It would be present in the further headwaters and that is mainly through Pharsiya village and that is 440m. It is present in the North south and that comes in the Dhantari district.


All the hills that are present here are the Eastern Ghats extension and they are also the source of different streams and then they would be joining to Mahanadi. In the foremost, 80kms in its course, Mahanadi would be flowing in north direction and it would be draining in Rajpur district and then it would be touching the entire Rajpur eastern portion.


This river is very narrow and its valley total width would not exceed more than 600m. Then, it would be entering into the bilaspur district and then it would be joined through Seonath that is its tributary.




When it would be joined through Seonath and then river would be flowing in eastern direction and then it also joined through Hasdeo and Jonk and then only it would be entering into Orissa. Hirakud Dam is one of the biggest dams and this lies near Sambalpur. It also comprises of concrete, masonry and earth structure and it would be measuring about 24 km that is inclusive of Dykes.


It would be spanning in 2 hills and that is Chandili Dunguri in right and Lamdungri on left. It will also be forming the Asia’s largest lake along with the reservoir and it would be having the holding capacity of 742km sq and shoreline is above 640 kms. Prior to the construction of this dam that was done in year 1953, Mahanadi was very wide through sambalpur and it was carrying silt in excessive amounts, mainly in the monsoon reason. Today, it is considered as the tame river and then it was joined through Tel, Ong and Ib. Later on, it was present in Baudh district boundaries and it was forming the way through ledges and ridges and through which it would be reaching in Orissa and Dholpur.


Rapid would get end over here and river rolls would be forming in eastern ghat and they would be making their way through Satkosia gorge and that is approximately 64 kms. Rivers would be entering into Orissa plains and that is distant at 11 kms through Cuttack and then it wound be pouring in 2 hill and they are distant from each other.

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