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Kaveri River

Kaveri River

 

Name of River

Kaveri River

Location

India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)

Origin

Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in southwestern Karnataka state

Length

475 mi (765 km)

Depth

217 ft deep

 

The English name of the river Kaveri is Cauvery .It is a giant river of India. This river begins traditionally from a place that is also known as Talakaveri that is a part of Kodagu which is located in Western Ghats of Karnataka. The flow of this river is from east as well as south corners all across Tamil Nadu along with Karnataka. Apart from this, it also flows over the Deccan plateau lying in the southern corner from the lowland areas of the south east and finally gets emptied in Bay of Bengal from two separate mouths.

 

It has been estimated that the Kaveri Basin is located in an area of 27,700 sq miles which is equal to 72000 square kilometers. There are majority of tributaries along with it which comprises of the Hemavati, Honnuhole, the Shimsha, Lakshmana Tirtha, the Arkavati, Bhavani River, Kabini, the Noyyal, Amravati River as well as the Lokapavani.

 

This river rises from the south west corner of Karnataka and flows all the way across south eastern area at 475 miles (which is equivalent to 765 kilometers) and ends in Bay of Bengal. An island named as Shivanasamudra is formed in the eastern part of Mysore. The Shivanasamudra Falls are positioned on both the sides and descend around 320 feet (which is equivalent to 100 meters).This river is used for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation purposes. It has helped in agriculture since so many years and serves developed cities as well as kingdoms based in South India.

 

River Course

Two islands named Shivanasamudra as well as Srirangapatna are formed when the river flows from Kodagu hills and moves to Deccan plateau. The most renowned Shivanasamudra Falls are formed when the river falls from 320 feet (which is equivalent to 98 meters).It is known by the names of Bhara Chukki as well as Gagana Chukki. The foremost hydroelectric power plant that was constructed in the year 1902 is situated in the left side of the falls .It helps in supplying electricity to Bangalore.

In the way of river from Karnataka there are twelve anticuts which are also called as dams that are created for irrigation purposes. At Madadkatte which is an anticut, the flow gets diverted at 72 miles (which is equivalent to 116 kilometers) and helps in irrigating 10,000 acres of area (which is equivalent to 4000 ha).Finally the water supply is brought to the Mandya town.

The entrance of this river in Tamil Nadu starts from the District of Dharampuri and ultimately it meanders after reaching the plains. It enters in Hogenakkal falls prior to coming to Hogennakal town which is a part of Tamil Nadu.Three small tributaries including Thoppar, Palar and Chennar end in Kaveri  river which lies on top of the Stanley Reservoir located in Mettur. A dam has also been constructed there. This dam is connected with Pala as well as Sita mountains situated away from the valley and the Kaveri river flows through it till the huge anticut.

When it passes through Erode, it merges two tributaries along with it. Thirumani Mutharu gets merged in Kududurai village situated in the district of Namakkal. Amaravathi as well as Noyyal also get linked with it in the district of Karur before it arrives at the district of Tiruchirapalli. At this place the river gets broad along with a filthy bed and moves in the east direction till it gets divided in two cuts which are at a distance of 14 kms as compared to Western part of Tiruchirappalli.

The northern division of this river is known by the name of Kollidam whereas the southern segment holds the previous name Kaveri .It enters straightforwardly in the district of Thanjavur. Again both the rivers get combined to form an island known as Srirangam, which is located in Tiruchirapalli city.

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