Ganges River


Name of River

Ganges River


Bangladesh, India


Khatling Glacier, Satopanth Glacier Gangotri Glacier, and waters through melted snow from various peaks as Trisul, Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, and Kamet. Uttarakhand, India


2,525 km


100 feet


Ganges River is regarded as trans-boundary Indian and Bangladesh rivers and it is 2525 km. It would be rising in western Himalayas and would be flowing in the south direction through Gangetic North India plain and it would get emptied into Bay of Bengal. It is considered to be one of the largest rivers and it has been ranked among the top 20’s. Ganges basin that is formed would be heavily populated and it comprises of more than four hundred million people and it is having 1000 inhabitants in the area of 390 per km sq. One of the most important facts is that it is considered to be one of the Hindus sacred rivers and it is also one of the important lifelines for Hindus.


There are millions of people who are heavily reliant on its water and Ganga Goddess is also worshipped in Hindus. It is having a lot of importance in the history as well and there are numerous capitals such as Murshidabad, Patliputra, Kashi, Munger, Kannauj, Kolkata, Allahabad and Baharampur are present at this river banks only. This river has been ranked in the series of polluted rivers and coli are also formed and that is more than the limit as prescribed by the Government. The biggest problem is that the pollution would not be threatening only to the human beings, but also to the fish species and amphibian species as well. One of the environmental intiatives was Ganga Action plan and this was unable to work because of the corruption and technical expertise lack. Moreover, it was unable to get any support from the Indian Government and traditional values also did not support it.




Ganges would be starting from the Bhagirathi along with Alaknanda rivers confluence and it is also one of the best sources that represent the Hindu culture as well as mythology. Alaknanda headwaters are formed through snowmelt and that includes Trisul, Nanda Devi and Kamet peaks. Bhagirathi would be starting from the Gangotri glacier foot and that is having the elevation of 3890m. There are numerous streams that would comprise the Ganges headwater and they are considered to be amongst the 6 longest and they are sacred as well. 6 headstreams are as follows- Nandakini, Alaknanda, Mandakini, Pindar, Dhauliganga and Bhagirathi River. 5 confluences are known by the name of Panch Prayag and they are also combined with Alaknanda.


These are present in a downstream and that order is as follows-Vishnuprayag, here Dhauliganga would be joining with Alaknanda and Nandprayag is the point where Nandakini would be joining. Karnaprayag is where Pindar would be joined and Rudraprayag is the point where Mandakini would be joined and Devprayag would be joined at Bhagirathi and then they would be forming Ganges River.


When it would have flown for 250kms and then it would get narrowed through Himalayan valley and Ganges would be coming through mountains and then it would be getting debouched into the Gangetic plain and that is present at the Pilgrimage Haridwar town. It also comprises of a dam and all its water would be going into Ganges Canal and then it would irrigate all Uttar Pradesh Doab regions and river course would be in the southwest region. Now, it would get start flowing in the southeast direction and northern India. This Ganges would be flowing in an eight hundred km arching course and that would be passing through Kanpur, Farukhabad and Kannauj. This would be getting joined through Ramganga and it would be contributing to the annual flow of 500m/s. It would be joining Yamuna and it would have Sangam at Allahabad and this is considered to be very religious.


During its mid way between Malda and Allahabad, it would be passing through West Bengal and Mirzapur, Chunar, Ghazipur, Varanasi, Patna, Sultanganj, Saidpur, Simaria, Buxar, Ballia and Bhagalpur. From Bhagalpur, river would get start flowing in the south-eastern direction and the attrition would be getting branched away in the south eastern direction and that is at Pakur. Farraka Barrage would be controlling the Ganges flow and then all the water would be getting diverted into feeder canal and that is linked through Hooghly and the main reason is that it should be free from Silt. Hooghly River gets formed through the confluence of Bhagirathi river along with Nabadwip and Jalangi Riverrat and it comprises of many tributaries. Damodar River is one of the largest rivers and it is approximately 540 m and it is having the drainage basin of approximately 25,800km sq.


It would be getting empty in Bay of Bengal and that is near to the Sagar Island. When it would be entering into the Bangladesh and its main branch would be known by the name of Padma and it would be getting joined through Jamuna River and this is Brahmaputra’s largest distributary. Later on, it would be getting joined through Meghna River and then it would be entering into Meghna Estuary and it would be getting emptied into Bay of Bengal. Ganges delta is mainly formed through Brahmpatura and Ganges flows and it is considered to be the largest of all and it would be stretching along Bay of Bengal.

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