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Kerala Coastal Rivers

Kerala is known for having the longest coastal line and that is of approximately 590 kms and it is present in western side. You would get to see some of the popular beaches and this is also known as coastal area and it would be present below 10m. It is having the huge network of lagoons, backwaters, canals and rivers. There are few rivers that would be flowing through Kerala districts and they would be joining Arabian sea and these are-

 

  • Bharathapuzha River

  • Periyar River

  • Chaliyar

  • Pamba River

 

List of Rivers of Kerala

 

Periyar River

 

Name of River

Periyar River

Location

India (Kerala,Tamil Nadu)

Origin

Tamil Nadu  Sivagiri peaks of the Sundaramala,

Length

244 km

Depth

100 m

 

The meaning of Periyar is big river and it would be flowing in Tamil Nadu as well as Kerala states and this is one of the largest perennial rivers and it would be providing the drinking water to numerous towns and it is situated at Kerala and this would be generating electrical power in numerous states and that is through Idukki Dam.

 

Origin and Path

 

This river would be originating through Sundaramala and that is Sivagiri peaks, Tamil Nadu. It comprises of 240 kms length and it is having the catchment area of approximnately 5397 sq kms and out of this 5280 is present in Kerala. It would be flowing in north direction and Thekkady would be joining and it is the Periyar tributary. A Mullaperiyar dam has been constructed at Mullayar and Periyar confluence and that would be creating reservoir, lakes and national parks as well. Some of the water would be getting diverted in the east direction and that would be mainly towards Tamil Nadu and that would be done through the help of a tunnel and then it would be getting joined in Vaigai River. It would be flowing in north and west direction and that is mainly through Elappara, Vandiperiyar and Aiyyappankoil and that is formed through Cheruthoni, Kulamavu and Idukki. Now, it would be flowing in north west and then at Vembanad lake that is present at Kochi. The Tamil Nadu area that is belonging to Periyar basin would be drained through Nirar tributary and then it would get diverted in inner-state Parambikulam-Aiyar project. This river would be getting bifurcated into Mangalapuzha and Marthandavarna branches. The former one would be joining Chalakkudy River and then it would be getting empty into Lakshadweep and then at the Munambam where as the latter one would be flowing in south direction and that is mainly through Udhyogamandal and then it would be joining in backwater Cochin system and that is at the varapuzha. It is having a towering height if 2694 m.

 

Bharathapuzha River

 

Name of River

Bharathapuzha River

Location

India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Origin

Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu, India

Length

209 km

 

Bharathappuzha is the Bharata River and it is also known by the name of River Nila and it is present in Kerala state. It is having the length of approximately 209 kms and it is considered to be second longest Kerala River. This is one of the rivers that are known for grooming south Malabar culture and tradition. Peraar is also available in the ancient documents and scripts.

 

Course

 

The Main tributary headwaters would be originating through Anaimalai hills and they are present in Western Ghats and they would be flowing in westward through the help of Palakkad gap, Malappuram, Thrissur Kerala districts. There are ample of tributaries that are present in Tirur River. It in its foremost 40 kms, this river would be following the northern course and that would be continued till Pollachi. At Malappuram, Thrissur and Palakkad Kerala districts and then it would be getting emptied in Arabian Sea. Tootha River is very water rich and it has been merged with Nila and has become very thick. However, it is not possible to do the naviagtion of this river as it is having small stretch. It is having watershed of approximate 6185 km sq and Bharathapuzha basin is the largest of all. Two third of its area is present under Kerala and remaining portion comes under Tamil Nadu.

 

It also comprises of the large basin and water flow is very less especially when compared with other rivers and maximum number of them are located in drier regions. Dam’s constructions are also responsible for reduction in river flow. In summer months, there is no flow in this river. It has been regarded as lifeline of numerous villages and cities. In chittur, it is known by the name of Sokanasini and this name has been given through Ramanujan Thunjathu Ezhuthachan, Mankara-Perigottukurissi, Chittur-Thathamangalam, Kodumbu-Thiruvalathur, Thiruvegappura, Shoranur, Cheruthuruthy Pattambi, Palakkad, Lakkidi-ThiruvilwamalaKillikkurussimangalam, Parli-Kottayi, Thunjathu Ezhuthachan. This Parudar village along with the Pallipuram town is a confluence of Tootha River.

 

Pamba River

 

Name of River

Pamba River

Location

India (Kerala)

Origin

Pulachimalai Hill, Peerumedu plateau in the Western Ghats, Kerala, India

Length

176 km (110 mi)

Depth

56 m

 

This Pamba River is also known by the name of Pampa River and it is 3rd longest river and it is present in Kerala south Indian state. It has been ranked after the Bharathappuzha and Periyar and it is present in the princely Travancore state. Sabarimala is one of the temples that have been dedicated to the Ayyappa lord and it is present on Pampa banks. It is also considered as Dakshina Ganga and this is mainly because of the association with its Pilgrim centre and that is Sabarimala. This Pamba River would be enriching the Pathanamthitta land as well as Kuttanand area that are present in Alappuzha district.

 

Course

 

It is having its origination through Pulachimalai hills and they are present in Peerumedu plateau and that is western Ghat. It is having an altitude of approximately 1650 m and it would be flowing through Tiruvalla, Kuttanad, Ranni, Ambalappuzha Taluks, Kozhenchery, Karthikapally and Chengannur. It would be ultimately getting emptied into Vembanad lake and Anjana temple is also located at this place. This is one of the rivers that is enriched in Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. This place is known for rice and it receives water through Pumba River. It is having boundaries and that is through western ghat. This river would be sharing the northern boundary through Manimala river basin and southern boundary is shared through Achankovil basin.

 

Chaliyar

 

Name of River

Chaliyar River

Location

India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Origin

Western Ghats, Elambalari Hills, Cherambadi town in Tamil Nadu Nilgiris district

Length

169 km

Depth

10 m approx

 

Chaliyar is regarded as 4th largest Kerala River and that is present at the 169 kms. It is known as the Beypore River and as it is near to the sea. Areekode, Nilambur, Mavoor, Kizhuparamba, Edavanna, Beypore, Cheruvadi and Feroke are some villages that are located on Chaliyar banks. It is known by the 2 names and that is Beypore and Chaliyar. This river would be meeting in Arabian Sea and Chaliayam is known as its southern part and Beypore is known as its northern part.

 

Chaliyar And Feroke Bridge:

 

This is one of the rivers that will not be getting dried in drought seasons.

 

Course

 

It has its origination through Western Ghats and it is situated near to the Cherambadi town and that is present in Tamil Nadi Nilgris district.

 

List of Rivers of Kerala

 

There are approximately 44 Kerala rivers and they would be originating in western ghat.

 

There are 44 rivers in Kerala, all but three originating in the Western Ghats.

 

West Flowing Rivers: They would be flowing in westward and then into Kerala Back waters.

 

East Flowing Rivers: There are 3 Kerala rivers and they would be flowing eastwards and Kabini into the Karnataka and 2 of them into the Tamil Nadu.

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